The New Normal:
Fully-enabled Remote Audits

The new normal is anything but normal, but before we join in the chorus of “uncertain times” let’s take a moment to reflect on how standards organizations have responded to COVID-19 to enable remote audits so that organizations can continue to demonstrate trust. Continue reading “The New Normal:
Fully-enabled Remote Audits”

Which Compliance Audit is Right for Me?

When it comes to compliance audits, one should never follow the “one-size-fits-all” mentality. The type of audit you need often depends on your organization’s industry, specific client requests or type of data stored. Continue reading “Which Compliance Audit is Right for Me?”

What is the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC)?

The Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) is the Department of Defense’s (DoD) newest verification mechanism designed to ensure that cybersecurity controls and processes adequately protect Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) that resides on Defense Industrial Base (DIB) systems and networks.

Continue reading “What is the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC)?”

Top Tips for Effective Audit Preparation

For any organization that stores, interprets and manages sensitive data, complying with cybersecurity requirements is of utmost importance. The most comprehensive way to test the strength and effectiveness of these systems is through a compliance assessment. Beginning this process, however, is no easy feat. Continue reading “Top Tips for Effective Audit Preparation”

5 Steps to ISO Certification

What are the steps to ISO certification? Our assessors have completed assessments against several International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards, and can provide your organization on insights on the process for achieving ISO certification. Continue reading “5 Steps to ISO Certification”

HITRUST CSF v9.3 Incorporates New Frameworks, Legislation and Standards

Since 2007, the HITRUST Common Security Framework (CSF) has been recognized as a well-rounded and certifiable security framework for any organizations of all sizes and industries. With the upcoming CSF v9.3 update, HITRUST continues to demonstrate its value for any organization by expanding to incorporate new frameworks, legislation and standards.

What is the HITRUST CSF?

The HITRUST CSF is a scalable and extensive security framework used to efficiently manage the regulatory compliance and risk management of organizations. By unifying regulatory requirements and recognized frameworks from ISO 27001, NIST 800-171, HIPAA/HITECH, PCI DSS, GDPR and more into one comprehensive system, the HITRUST CSF saves time and energy by assessing once and reporting many.

Thanks to its ability to combine several assessments and frameworks into one framework, the HITRUST CSF allows clients to decide what they want to test against and get controls based on that level of risk. This “assess once, report many” approach means that assessors are performing several different audits, but the organization feels like they’re only undergoing one. Because of this benefit and its exhaustive focus on security, the HITRUST CSF has been adopted by organizations across different industries.

Originally designed specifically for the healthcare industry, the recent HITRUST CSF v9.2 grew the framework to make it useful for any organization around the globe.

CSF v9.3 will be released Q3 of 2019 and the HITRUST organization has detailed the additional regulatory factors that will be added to the framework.

Incorporation with the California Consumer Privacy Act

One of the most notable updates in CSF v9.3 is the incorporation of new standards and regulations, including requirements placed on organizations by the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA).

Passed in 2018, the CCPA was built to be similar to the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and takes a stronger stance to protect the sharing, transmission and storage of consumer data. The CCPA legislation goes into effect on January 1, 2020, with the enforcement of the law starting on July 1, 2020.

Not only does the HITRUST CSF v9.3 incorporate standards and regulations from the CCPA, it reflects key differences between the CCPA and GDPR, including requirements for data access, applicability and requirements for opt-out methods.

Other Important Updates to CSF v9.3

Aligning the HITRUST CSF with the CCPA is only one of the updates to the HITRUST framework. CSF v9.3 also updates the framework to incorporate other authoritative sources, including:

  • The Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP)
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology’s (NIST) Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity: Framework Core – Subcategories, v1.1
  • Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) Information Security ARS: CMS Minimum Security Requirements for High Impact Data, version 3.1
  • IRS Publication 1075: Tax Information Security Guidelines for Federal, State and Local Agencies: Safeguards for Protecting Federal Tax Returns and Return Information
  • South Carolina’s Bill 4655, the Insurance Data Security Act

Who Should Migrate to CSF v9.3

If your entity wants to add any of the six regulatory factors outlined above to your HITRUST assessment, you will need to undergo CSF v9.3. If you are not interested in adding these factors, you can instead opt to undergo CSF v9.1 or CSF v9.2.

By giving organizations more choice to better fit their needs, the HITRUST CSF continues to position itself as a valuable, powerful and flexible framework for organizations of all sizes across all industries.

The A-LIGN Difference

A-LIGN’s experience and commitment to quality helped over 130 clients successfully achieve HITRUST certification. Our vigorous process outlined above helps you prepare for the HITRUST assessment, and our team of HITRUST experts are here to answer any question you might have through every step of the process by answering all inquiries within twenty-four hours. With A-LIGN, you’re on the right path to HITRUST certification success.

Interested in pursuing the HITRUST CSF for your organization? Contact A-LIGN at 1-888-702-5446 to speak with one of our cybersecurity and compliance professionals.


Don’t Undergo an Audit or Assessment Before Reading This Guide

Cybersecurity examinations are an important undertaking for your organization, its health and projected future. With no shortage of firms and examination types to choose from, preparing to undergo an audit or assessment can feel like a massive undertaking. Is the firm cutting corners reliable? Is the accessor able to deliver on their lofty promises? And how can you tell if they’re providing quality work?

Continue reading “Don’t Undergo an Audit or Assessment Before Reading This Guide”

Compliance Doesn’t Have to be Scary

Every October during National Cybersecurity Awareness Month, we show you why cybersecurity is vital to protecting your organization from outside threats – but that’s only one side of the coin when it comes to defense. Continue reading “Compliance Doesn’t Have to be Scary”

Family Affair: Using ISO 27001 to conform to ISO 27017 and ISO 27018

ISO 27000 Family – Information Security Management Systems

The ISO 27000 family of standards is related to an organization’s information security management systems, or ISMS. This international standard helps organizations by providing a clear set of requirements that can be used to manage the security of the business’ assets. An ISMS is a systematic approach used to manage the overall information security program to ensure that it remains effective.

One of the benefits of ISO 27001 certification is that it assesses the entire scope of information security, including the technical controls as well as management’s oversight of information security. This all-encompassing approach secures people, processes, and technologies to minimize risk.

Read more: ISO 27001: The Four Most Common Post-Certification Pitfalls

ISO 27001

Organizations can achieve certification against ISO 27001 to demonstrate the maturity of the company’s information security environment. This standard provides a methodology for the establishment, implementation, operation, management, and maintenance of information security within an organization.

There are seven mandatory clauses including objectives for organizations seeking conformance to the ISO 27001 standard:

  • Context of the organization
  • Leadership
  • Planning
  • Support
  • Operation
  • Performance Evaluation
  • Improvement

Additionally, there are 14 discretionary controls defined in the Annex:

  • Information security policies
  • Organization of information security
  • Human resource security
  • Asset management
  • Access control
  • Cryptography
  • Physical and environmental security
  • Operations security
  • Communications security
  • System acquisition, development and maintenance
  • Supplier relationships
  • Information security incident management
  • Information security aspects of business continuity management
  • Compliance

Benefits of ISO 27001 Certification

ISO 27001 can help organizations reduce risk, optimize operations within an organization due to clearly defined responsibilities and business processes, and build a culture of information security. The framework also helps organizations in reducing security incidents and meeting additional compliance requirements.

In addition, the standard helps organizations implement controls that are relevant to its unique risks and assets, instead of providing generalized guidance that isn’t applicable to the organization. This holistic, tailored approach makes the ISO 27001 standard functional for organizations of any size, in any industry.

How to Achieve ISO 27001 Certification

Certification should be conducted by an ISO 27001 accredited certification body. Certification will include the following audit activities:

  • Pre-Assessment: Although not required to achieve certification, for organizations who have not undergone the ISO 27001 process before, the pre-assessment is conducted for organizations who need additional assistance in becoming ISO 27001 compliant. A-LIGN simulates the certification process by performing a review of the company’s scope, policies, procedures, and processes to identify any gaps that may need remediation prior to certification.
  • Stage 1 Audit: A-LIGN reviews the organization’s scope, policies, procedures, and processes to confirm conformance with the documentation requirements of ISO 27001.
  • Stage 2 Audit: Once organizations have completed stage 1, the stage 2 tests the conformance of the information security management system with ISO 27001 and the company’s internal policies and procedures. This includes interviews, inspections of documented evidence, and observations of organizational processes.
  • Surveillance Audit: To ensure that the organization’s ISMS continues to conform to ISO 27001 standards, surveillance audits are performed for two years following certification.

ISO 27001 certifications are valid for three years.

ISO 27017

ISO 27017, or Code of Practice for Information Security Controls Based on ISO/IEC 27001 for Cloud Services, provides guidance based upon ISO 27002 for the cloud services industry.

The standard provides guidance specific to cloud-service providers on 37 of the controls in ISO 27002, but also features seven new controls:

  • Shared roles and responsibilities within a cloud computing environment
  • Removal of cloud service customer assets
  • Segregation in virtual computing environments
  • Virtual machine hardening
  • Administrator’s operation security
  • Monitoring of cloud services
  • Alignment of security management for virtual and physical networks

This standard is relevant to organizations who provide cloud-based services, and for any organization that stores information in the cloud.

Benefits of ISO 27017

Any cloud provider that is entrusted with sensitive customer data could potentially benefit from ISO 27017. The standard assists organizations by providing guidance unique to the cloud environment, and addresses pain points for many cloud providers such as the delineation of roles and responsibilities within a cloud computing environment.

This standard can help organizations enhance their information security management system to the specific needs of their environment. Additionally, utilizing the ISO 27017 standard allows for organizations to reduce the risk inherent to cloud-service organizations, and the potential cost of a breach.

How to leverage certification for ISO 27017

Because ISO 27017 is not a management standard, organizations cannot be certified strictly against the ISO 27017 controls. However, A-LIGN can assist organizations by adding the additional ISO 27017 controls to the scope of an ISO 27001 certification audit to ensure that companies can demonstrate conformance to the ISO 27017 standard.

Read more: Strengthening the Cloud: ISO 27017 and ISO 27018

ISO 27018

ISO 27018, or Code of Practice for Protection of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) in Public Clouds Acting is PII Processors, is a standard designed for cloud computing organizations who are responsible for handling personally identifiable information.

ISO 27018 provides the following controls to supplement those set within ISO 27001 and ISO 27002:

  • Customer and end-user control rights
  • Restriction on disclosure to or access of third parties to PII
  • Treatment of media containing PII

Benefits of ISO 27018

There is a need for organizations who handle PII to ensure this information is secured. This standard creates an additional level of customer confidence in ensuring that standards are in place to protect the information, allowing both the customer and end-user to be assured that their information is safe.

This standard can help organizations enhance their information security management system to the specific needs of their environment. Additionally, utilizing the ISO 27018 standard allows for organizations to minimize the risk inherent to cloud-service organizations, and the potential cost of a breach.

How to leverage certification for ISO 27018

Again, because ISO 27018 is not a management standard, organizations cannot be certified strictly against the ISO 27018 controls. However, A-LIGN can assist organizations by adding the additional ISO 27018 controls to the scope of an ISO 27001 certification audit to ensure companies can demonstrate conformance to the ISO 27018 standard.

Choosing the Right ISO Standard

The ISO 27000 family of standards provides options for organizations to implement the controls that are relevant to their business needs, their customer needs, and their end-user needs.  As an accredited certification body, A-LIGN can conduct the certification audits to demonstrate conformance with ISO 27001, ISO 27017 and ISO 27018.

Connect with one of A-LIGN’s ISO 27001 auditors by contacting or 1-888-702-5446.